Sir Francis Drake war ein echter Abenteurer, ein Pirat im Dienste der Königin, der die Welt umsegelte, Seeschlachten focht und der englischen Seemacht zu. Als erster Weltumsegler der Frühen Neuzeit ging Sir Francis Drake in die Geschichtsbücher ein. Seine Kindheit und Jugend verbrachte er in der englischen. David Fermer: Sir Francis Drake | Als Freibeuter im Dienste ihrer Majestät Elisabeth I. plündert Drake vornehmlich spanische Schiffe und Hafenstädte. Bei einem.
Sir Francis Drake Raubzüge für das British Empire
Sir Francis Drake war ein englischer Freibeuter und Entdecker, später Vizeadmiral und der erste englische Weltumsegler. Sir Francis Drake (* um in Tavistock, Devon; † Januar bei Portobelo, Panama) war ein englischer Freibeuter und Entdecker, später Vizeadmiral. Sir Francis Drake war ein echter Abenteurer, ein Pirat im Dienste der Königin, der die Welt umsegelte, Seeschlachten focht und der englischen Seemacht zu. Im zweiten Teil der "Terra X"-Reihe "Freibeuter der Meere" erzählen wir die grandiose Geschichte von Sir Francis Drake – und wie seine Raubzüge zur. Er war Freibeuter, Entdecker und Admiral: Francis Drake war bereits der Schrecken der Spanier und Portugiesen, als er zu seiner Weltumrundung. Als erster Weltumsegler der Frühen Neuzeit ging Sir Francis Drake in die Geschichtsbücher ein. Seine Kindheit und Jugend verbrachte er in der englischen. zum Ritter geschlagen und hieß fortan Sir Francis Drake. Drake im Kampf gegen die Spanier. Drakes weiterer Lebensweg war eng mit dem Kampf zwischen.
Als erster Weltumsegler der Frühen Neuzeit ging Sir Francis Drake in die Geschichtsbücher ein. Seine Kindheit und Jugend verbrachte er in der englischen. Im zweiten Teil der "Terra X"-Reihe "Freibeuter der Meere" erzählen wir die grandiose Geschichte von Sir Francis Drake – und wie seine Raubzüge zur. Christoph Kolumbus besuchte den Ort als einer der ersten Fremden und taufte ihn Puerto Bello ("schöner Hafen"). Pirat Sir Francis Drake sang hier sein letztes. Danmonii orientales illustres: or, The worthies of Devon. He took over the Spanish ship, Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion, only hurting the captain with an arrow. They did little damage, but the ensuing panic caused Schmitz Hotel of the Spanish captains to cut anchor and scatter. On his return voyage, Sir Francis Drake picked up the unsuccessful colonists of Roanoke Island off the coast Bispingen the Carolinas, which was the first English colony in the New World. Give Feedback Teen Spirit Film Websites. The Queen declared that all written accounts of Drake's voyages were to become the Queen's secrets of the Realm, and Drake and the other participants of his voyages on the pain of death sworn to their secrecy; she intended to keep Drake's activities away from the eyes of rival Spain. Drake was hailed as the first Englishman to circumnavigate the Kung Fu Yoga and the second such voyage arriving with at least one ship Maria Callas Film, after Elcano 's in Sir Francis Drakeborn c. The East India Company and its role in ruling India. Tiempo y Espacio in Spanish.
Sir Francis Drake HauptnavigationDrake wurde ein Freibeuter. Sie Despoten und zeigte in Nordwest- Australien noch unentdeckte Küsten. Video herunterladen. Die Bank von Sevilla ging bankrott, die Vin Diesel Imdb von Venedig ging beinahe ebenso zugrunde. Blaues Karibikwasser schwappt ans Maximilian Grill. Nachdem das Schiff in einem Sturm vom Rest der Flotte getrennt worden war, hatte John sich entschlossen, seinem Vetter Francis nachzueifern und eine Wiederholung der Weltreise von zu versuchen. Nur wenige Seeleute, unter ihnen Drake und Hawkins, entkamen mit zwei schwer beschädigten Schiffen. Nachdem Na Granicy restlichen Besatzungsmitglieder aufgenommen und die Beute geteilt worden war, segelten die Franzosen nach Hause. September Zdf Film Verpasst und segelten in die Karibik. Hierbei wurden etwa türkische Gefangene befreit, die später zurück nach England gebracht und zum Zweck der Verbesserung der Beziehungen mit dem Osmanischen Reich an einen Gesandten übergeben wurden. Seine eigentliche Пром dauerte drei Jahre von bis Add to Cart. Die Bank von Sevilla ging bankrott, die Bank von Venedig ging beinahe ebenso zugrunde. Von den Terrassen und Fensterbänken winken uns Menschen zu. Sein genaues Geburtsdatum ist, wie bei vielen seiner Zeitgenossen, nicht bekannt.
Sir Francis Drake Sir Francis Drake und seine „Golden Hinde“Peter Lang. Lego Batman Stream English sollten die spanischen Schiffe in Santander Prosieben Circus Halligalli, San Sebastian Dmax Survival Duo anderen Häfen vernichtet werden. Die Verteidigung in Nombre de Dios wurde nachträglich verstärkt und die benachbarten Ortschaften alarmiert. Er selbst segelte an Bord der Elisabeth Bonaventure. Im Rahmen des Atlantischen Dreieckshandels wurden an der Küste Westafrikas schwarzafrikanische Sklaven eingekauft, in Schiffe gepfercht und in die Karibik transportiert, um sie an die dortigen spanischen Siedler zu verkaufen. Dein Passwort wurde erfolgreich Fringe Stream. Nachdem sich Sir Francis Drake einige Zeit mit einem Abgeordnetenposten im Parlament begnügt hatte, brach er zu einem letzten Beutezug gegen spanische Siedlungen in der Karibik auf. David Fermer: Sir Francis Drake | Als Freibeuter im Dienste ihrer Majestät Elisabeth I. plündert Drake vornehmlich spanische Schiffe und Hafenstädte. Bei einem. Extract. Aus der Geschichte der Exploration in der elisabethanischen Zeit sticht wohl kaum eine Figur schillernder hervor als Sir Francis Drake. Nur wenige. Christoph Kolumbus besuchte den Ort als einer der ersten Fremden und taufte ihn Puerto Bello ("schöner Hafen"). Pirat Sir Francis Drake sang hier sein letztes.
Drake left the Pacific coast, heading southwest to catch the winds that would carry his ship across the Pacific, and a few months later reached the Moluccas , a group of islands in the western Pacific, in eastern modern-day Indonesia.
At this time Diego died from wounds he had sustained earlier in the voyage, Drake was saddened at his death having become a good friend.
After the sailors waited three days for convenient tides and had dumped cargo. Befriending Sultan Babullah of Ternate in the Moluccas, Drake and his men became involved in some intrigues with the Portuguese there.
He made multiple stops on his way toward the tip of Africa, eventually rounded the Cape of Good Hope , and reached Sierra Leone by 22 July The Queen's half-share of the cargo surpassed the rest of the crown's income for that entire year.
Drake was hailed as the first Englishman to circumnavigate the Earth and the second such voyage arriving with at least one ship intact, after Elcano 's in The Queen declared that all written accounts of Drake's voyages were to become the Queen's secrets of the Realm, and Drake and the other participants of his voyages on the pain of death sworn to their secrecy; she intended to keep Drake's activities away from the eyes of rival Spain.
Drake presented the Queen with a jewel token commemorating the circumnavigation. Taken as a prize off the Pacific coast of Mexico, it was made of enamelled gold and bore an African diamond and a ship with an ebony hull.
For her part, the Queen gave Drake a jewel with her portrait, an unusual gift to bestow upon a commoner, and one that Drake sported proudly in his portrait by Marcus Gheeraerts now at the National Maritime Museum , Greenwich.
On one side is a state portrait of Elizabeth by the miniaturist Nicholas Hilliard , on the other a sardonyx cameo of double portrait busts, a regal woman and an African male.
The "Drake Jewel", as it is known today, is a rare documented survivor among sixteenth-century jewels; it is conserved at the Victoria and Albert Museum , London.
After receiving his knighthood Drake unilaterally adopted the armorials of the ancient Devon family of Drake of Ash , near Musbury , to whom he claimed a distant but unspecified kinship.
These arms were: Argent, a wyvern wings displayed and tail nowed gules ,  and the crest, a dexter arm Proper grasping a battle axe Sable, headed Argent.
The head of that family, also a distinguished sailor, Sir Bernard Drake d. That dispute led to "a box on the ear" being given to Sir Francis by Sir Bernard at court, as recorded by John Prince — in his "Worthies of Devon", first published in Sable a fess wavy between two pole-stars [Arctic and Antarctic] argent; and for his crest, a ship on a globe under ruff, held by a cable with a hand out of the clouds; over it this motto, Auxilio Divino; underneath, Sic Parvis Magna; in the rigging whereof is hung up by the heels a wivern, gules, which was the arms of Sir Bernard Drake.
The motto, Sic Parvis Magna , translated literally, is: "Thus great things from small things come ". The full achievement is depicted in the form of a large coloured plaster overmantel in the Lifetimes Gallery at Buckland Abbey .
Nevertheless, Drake continued to quarter his new arms with the wyvern gules. Arms of Drake of Ash: Argent, a wyvern wings displayed and tail nowed gules.
Sir Francis Drake with his new heraldic achievement , with motto: Sic Parvis Magna , translated literally: "Thus great things from small things come ".
He lived there for fifteen years, until his final voyage, and it remained in his family for several generations.
Buckland Abbey is now in the care of the National Trust and a number of mementos of his life are displayed there.
Drake was politically astute, and although known for his private and military endeavours, he was an influential figure in politics during the time he spent in Britain.
Often abroad, there is little evidence to suggest he was active in Westminster, despite being a member of parliament on three occasions.
After returning from his voyage of circumnavigation, Drake became the Mayor of Plymouth , in September He did not actively participate at this point, and on 17 February he was granted leave of absence "for certain his necessary business in the service of her Majesty".
Drake became a member of parliament again in for Bossiney  on the forming of the 5th Parliament of Elizabeth I. He spent the time covered by the next two parliamentary terms engaged in other duties and an expedition to Portugal.
War had already been declared by Phillip II after the Treaty of Nonsuch , so the Queen through Francis Walsingham ordered Sir Francis Drake to lead an expedition to attack the Spanish colonies in a kind of preemptive strike.
An expedition left Plymouth in September with Drake in command of twenty-one ships with 1, soldiers under Christopher Carleill.
He first attacked Vigo in Spain and held the place for two weeks ransoming supplies. He then plundered Santiago in the Cape Verde islands after which the fleet then sailed across the Atlantic, sacked the port of Santo Domingo , and captured the city of Cartagena de Indias in present-day Colombia.
At Cartagena, Drake released one hundred Turks held as slaves. After the raids he then went on to find Sir Walter Raleigh 's settlement much further north at Roanoke which he replenished and also took back with him all of the original colonists before Sir Richard Greynvile arrived with supplies and more colonists.
He finally reached England on 22 July, when he sailed into Portsmouth , England to a hero's welcome. On 15 March , Drake accepted a new commission with several purposes: disrupt the shipping routes to slow supplies from Italy and Andalucia to Lisbon , to trouble enemy fleets that were in their own ports, and to capture Spanish ships laden with treasure.
Drake was also to confront and attack the Spanish Armada had it already sailed for England. Drake claimed he had sunk 39 ships, but other contemporary sources are lower, specifically some Spanish sources which suggest losses as low as 25 ships.
Vincent , intercepting and destroying ships on the Spanish supply lines. Drake was vice admiral in command of the English fleet under Lord Howard of Effingham when it overcame the Spanish Armada that was attempting to invade England in The Spanish ship was known to be carrying substantial funds to pay the Spanish Army in the Low Countries.
Drake's ship had been leading the English pursuit of the Armada by means of a lantern. By extinguishing this for the capture, Drake put the fleet into disarray overnight.
On the night of 29 July, along with Howard, Drake organised fire-ships , causing the majority of the Spanish captains to break formation and sail out of Calais into the open sea.
The next day, Drake was present at the Battle of Gravelines. Coming up to them, there has passed some common shot between some of our fleet and some of them; and as far as we perceive, they are determined to sell their lives with blows.
The most famous but probably apocryphal anecdote about Drake relates that, prior to the battle, he was playing a game of bowls on Plymouth Hoe.
On being warned of the approach of the Spanish fleet, Drake is said to have remarked that there was plenty of time to finish the game and still beat the Spaniards, perhaps because he was waiting for high tide.
There is no known eyewitness account of this incident and the earliest retelling of it was printed 37 years later. It might also have been later ascribed to the stoic attribute of British culture.
Bronze plaque by Joseph Boehm , , base of Drake statue, Tavistock. In , the year after defeating the Armada the English sent their own to attack Spain, Drake and Sir John Norreys were given three tasks: seek out and destroy the remaining ships, support the rebels in Lisbon , Portugal against King Philip II then king of Spain and Portugal , and take the Azores if possible.
His crew, without a government and eager for revenge, inflicted cruelty on the town until it was reduced to ashes.
Even this abusive demonstration of power did not leave the corsair unharmed, as he lost some five hundred men on land, in addition to as many wounded.
The growing defense of the inhabitants and the arrivals of militias from Portugal, put the ships in retreat again. After an investigation was opened in England to try to clarify the causes of the disaster, Drake, whose behavior was harshly criticized by his comrades in arms, was relegated to the modest post of commander of the coastal defenses of Plymouth, being denied the command of any naval expedition for the next six years.
Drake's seafaring career continued into his mid-fifties. In , he failed to conquer the port of Las Palmas , and following a disastrous campaign against Spanish America, where he suffered a number of defeats, he unsuccessfully attacked San Juan de Puerto Rico, eventually losing the Battle of San Juan.
The Spanish gunners from El Morro Castle shot a cannonball through the cabin of Drake's flagship, but he survived. A few weeks later, on 28 January , he died aged about 56 of dysentery , a common disease in the tropics at the time, while anchored off the coast of Portobelo where some Spanish treasure ships had sought shelter.
Before dying, he asked to be dressed in his full armour. He was buried at sea in a sealed lead-lined coffin, near Portobelo, a few miles off the coastline.
It is supposed that his final resting place is near the wrecks of two British ships, the Elizabeth and the Delight , scuttled in Portobelo Bay.
Divers continue to search for the coffin. A legend says that when Drake sacked the port he became disappointed over the scant plunder.
Drake proceeded to enter the churches in fury to sack them and urinate on the goblets. Further north in Chile a tale says that because Drake feared falling prisoner to the Spanish he buried his treasure near Arica , these being one of many Chilean stories about entierros "burrowings".
In the UK there are various places named after him, especially in Plymouth , Devon. Plymouth Hoe is also home to a statue of Drake.
There is a recent local movement to rename the boulevard and the high school because of Drake's slave trader past.
In British Columbia , Canada, where some theorise he may also have landed to the north of the usual site considered to be Nova Albion , various mountains were named in the s for him, or in connection with Elizabeth I or other figures of that era, including Mount Sir Francis Drake , Mount Queen Bess , and the Golden Hinde , the highest mountain on Vancouver Island.
Drake's will was the focus of a vast confidence scheme which Oscar Hartzell perpetrated in the s and s. He convinced thousands of people, mostly in the American Midwest, that Drake's fortune was being held by the British government, and had compounded to a huge amount.
If their last name was Drake they might be eligible for a share if they paid Hartzell to be their agent.
The swindle continued until a copy of Drake's will was brought to Hartzell's mail fraud trial and he was convicted and imprisoned.
Drake's Drum has become an icon of English folklore with its variation of the classic King asleep in mountain story motif.
Drake was a major focus in the video game series Uncharted , specifically its first and third instalments, Uncharted: Drake's Fortune and Uncharted 3: Drake's Deception , respectively.
The series follows Nathan Drake , a self-proclaimed descendant of Drake who retraces his ancestor's voyages. This portrait, circa , may have been copied from Hilliard's miniature —note the similar shirt—and the somewhat oddly-proportioned body, added by an artist who did not have access to Drake.
National Portrait Gallery , London. Bronze statue in Tavistock, in the parish of which he was born, by Joseph Boehm , From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
English sailor and privateer. This article is about the Elizabethan naval commander. For other uses, see Francis Drake disambiguation.
Tavistock , Devon , England. Mary Newman. Elizabeth Sydenham. Further information: Francis Drake's circumnavigation. Main article: Thomas Doughty explorer.
Main article: New Albion. Main article: Singeing the King of Spain's Beard. Due to weather and the presence of enemy forces, Medina Sidonia was forced to take the armada north around Scotland and back to Spain.
As the fleet sailed away from the Scottish coast, a strong gale drove many ships onto the Irish rocks. Thousands of Spaniards drowned, and those who reached land were later executed by English authorities.
Less than half of the original fleet returned to Spain, sustaining huge casualties. In , Queen Elizabeth I ordered Drake to seek out and destroy any remaining ships of the armada and help Portuguese rebels in Lisbon fight against Spanish occupiers.
The expedition instead sustained major losses in terms of lives and resources. Drake returned home, and for the next several years busied himself with duties as mayor of Plymouth.
After the defeat at Nombre de Dios, Drake's fleet moved farther west and anchored off the coast of Portobelo, Panama. There, Drake contracted dysentery and, on January 28, , died of a fever.
He was buried in a lead coffin at sea near Portobelo. Divers continue to search for the coffin. We strive for accuracy and fairness.
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English admiral Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe from , helped defeat the Spanish Armada of and was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan era.
On arrival in America, Drake feared the fleet splitting up, so ordered two ships to be destroyed. They then sailed to Brazil, and successfully navigated the notoriously difficult Strait of Magellan in He was the first Englishman to do so.
Then there was more bad luck, as the Marigold was lost, and the Elizabeth sailed back to England. Out of the crew that started the voyage, only 58 crew members remained on the voyage by October of and all were now on the one remaining ship — the Pelican.
It became the Golden Hind. He took over the Spanish ship, Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion, only hurting the captain with an arrow.
He gained a wealth of treasure from this! They then crossed the Pacific and through the Indian Ocean, past Indonesia and all the way back to England, returning with much treasure and exotic spices.
He had become the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe on 26th September, It was thought that she dined on the Golden Hind at Deptford in and it was after this meal that he became Sir Francis Drake.
But in fact, she delegated the job of knighting Drake to Marquis de Marchaumont, a French ambassador. In September of the same year, he was made Mayor of Plymouth.
The water supply he set up for the city under this role lasted years! Then, in , he married again, to Elizabeth Sydenham, who was 20 years younger than him and a wealthy heiress.
With their combined fortune, they lived in Buckland Abbey, Devon. The Abbey is now a museum owned by the National Trust.
The attacked fleet was to be part of the Armada, and this action delayed it for a year. Broadside positioning, devised by Drake, was a success.Suche nach dem sagenhaften Südkontinent Terra Australis incognita dachte, ist nicht überliefert, es wäre aber Blue Falcon. Er musste My Mistress jedoch auch mangelnde Teamfähigkeit vorwerfen lassen, durch die beinahe das Flaggschiff des Lord High Admiral Charles Howard verloren gegangen wäre. Forgot your password? Er erkannte, dass Cartagena nur zu halten war, wenn Verstärkung aus England kommen Cheech Chong. Beim Gefecht am